Zuma acts without fear of consequence

In the past two weeks, we have heard Finance Minister Malusi Gigaba explain that we are choking in debt but that somehow social programmes will not suffer in future. He told us that as long as the economy is growing we should not be too concerned about gross national debt at 60%.

What growth, one wants to ask? And is this not cold comfort as his colleague, newly minted Minister of Energy David Mahlobo, is expediting the Integrated Resource Plan doubtless so that government can enter a nuclear deal.

President Jacob Zuma has created the usual Cabinet chaos by pitting Mahlobo against Gigaba on the nuclear deal, leaving us to read the political tea leaves as to who will ultimately win out.

Last week Zuma appeared before Parliament for a Question and Answer session that obfuscated more than it shed light. We witnessed yet another arrogant display of power from a man whose presidency has been nothing short of disastrous.

He steadfastly refused to account for his legal fees in fighting the Spy Tapes matter when he said, “This benefit is extended to all who are employed in the state … I do not keep records of litigation costs … it’s not my responsibility to pay for the litigations (sic) brought by political parties.”

In Zuma’s world, there is no accounting to the public for how he spends public money or on the issue of State Capture.

Instead of holding Zuma to account, the ANC MPs shouted even louder in support of Zuma. But who is surprised that they do not demand answers regarding the mountain of State Capture allegations against him?

It’s what the ANC has become – a haven for the corrupt and inept. A party with repercussions only for those who dare to hold Zuma and his corrupt band of cronies to account. Pravin Gordhan and Mcebisi Jonas to their credit stand as notable exceptions.

For now, Zuma knows that he acts without fear of consequence. The ANC speedily released a press statement lauding Zuma for appearing before Parliament. They missed the part where the Constitution compels Zuma to account to the people.

Whatever the ANC says, we see Zuma for who he is – the proverbial Emperor with no clothes.

While Gigaba may try to dress up his Medium-Term Budget Policy Statement in the poetry of Ben Okri, the bottom line is that this is a state that has waged war on the very citizens it is meant to protect, the most vulnerable among us.

Zuma’s Social Development minister, the thoroughly incoherent Bathabile Dlamini, has shown complete disregard for Parliament with several no-shows. When she finally appeared before Parliament, Dlamini provided no cogent reasons for her delay in implementing the Constitutional Court’s judgment in relation to Sassa. Again there is neither care nor consequence, as Dlamini knows only too well. Her boss defended her in Parliament, after all.

That Dlamini presides over one of the most critical ministries for those who are marginalised seems not to trouble anyone.

But if we are searching for a story which indicates the state’s callous disregard for the most vulnerable in our society then we need look no further than the tragedy that left more than 100 patients, many of them mentally ill, dead.

These patients had been transferred to so-called NGOs once the Gauteng Department of Health had terminated the public-private partnership with Life Esidimeni hospital. What happened to them thereafter was the subject of a report by Health Ombudsman Malegapuru Makgoba.

That report recommended an arbitration process that is being presided over by former Deputy Chief Justice Dikgang Moseneke. One might think of no one else better suited to deal with the raw emotion as well as the complexity of what happened to these vulnerable patients.

The stories are heart-wrenching, some patients loaded onto the back of vans as they were being transferred to “NGOs” clearly not equipped to deal with the patients assigned to them. The former MEC for Health, Qedani Mahlangu, seemed missing in action when called to testify before Moseneke.

The Life Esidimeni scandal stands equal to Marikana in its disdain for the victims and their families and in the scale of death at the hands of the state. It is democracy’s shame. But this we know is a government stacked with those who bear no shame for their actions.

The lack of care manifests itself in so many ways across our country each day. Enter most government buildings for an interaction with the state and it is almost inevitably a place of aesthetic horror and snaking queues of people with dead-eye stares often waiting for hours.

Mostly, the service is slow and unsatisfactory. For those who are poor, the burden of poverty makes that wait and experience even worse.

Where is the state that is meant to care for the poor? The truth is that the carelessness starts at the very top; clichéd but true. If President Zuma cared for the poor and vulnerable he would not deem it reasonable to spend hundreds of millions of rand on upgrades to his Nkandla home.

If he cared he would not dismiss every question put to him in Parliament with evasion and a chuckle. If he cared he would have fired Bathabile Dlamini and Faith Muthambi and he would not have appointed a Minister of State Security who is now himself the subject of a criminal investigation.

And so the tragedy of a president who is unaccountable is that he takes the whole country sliding down with it and provides a licence to those who seek not to be held to account for their actions whether within or outside of government.

As we watch our president evade all consequence, there are other institutions in our country that seem to be spiralling out of control. One example occurred this past week when students at the University of Cape Town (and others, possibly outsiders) responded to fee increases by storming into lecture halls, disrupting examinations and confiscating scripts.

In a thoroughly disgraceful incident, human faeces were scattered in the Chemical Engineering building. Who can possibly defend this action? And then one wonders whether those protesting realise that they really ought to be holding Zuma to account? Their cowardly acts are unfortunately aimed at the wrong people.

Zuma has not released the Heher Report because he is, as usual, deflecting. Students should be asking why there is no funding to absorb fee increases. The reason for that is quite simply that money is being lost to corruption and waste.

The strategy of flinging faeces and disrupting exams is a shortsighted, destructive one that will only serve to destroy UCT. Because when such a destructive mindset takes hold within a university, what rises in the place of that which is destroyed? Nothing of worth, one might venture to say. But we know that Vice-Chancellors cannot deal with these intractable challenges alone.

Where is the leadership from the state and when will students demand it? If those who have to lead are far too busy making plans for the next corrupt deal or the great escape, every public space needs to be occupied until they hear the voices of ordinary citizens. There are useful lessons to be learnt from South Korea and Brazil.

We cannot and must not be silent in the face of a laughing president. But holding the powerful to account is a marathon, not a sprint. It also requires far more of us than the lazy throwing of faeces or easy disruption.

It requires systematic challenges to power as SECTION27 and others are doing in the case of Life Esidimeni and as Jaqcues Pauw has meticulously done in his brave new book, The President’s Keepers. There are many others challenging power and often paying a high price for doing so.

The private sector can no longer be immune from this activism. Turning a blind eye and hoping for the best outcome from those in power is not an option. In some quarters there are encouraging signs of corporate South Africa finding its voice even as it struggles when some of its own are partners in the State Capture project.13

South Africa is at an important crossroads – not for the first time – and it will require all of us to, perhaps uncomfortably, lift our heads above the parapet in ways that matter, wherever we find ourselves.

This article was published in Daily Maverick. To view the article on their website click here

Judith February is a consultant on governance matters and affiliated to the University of Cape Town’s Graduate School of Development Policy and Practice.  Prior to that she was Executive Director of the HSRC’s Democracy and Governance Unit and also Head of the Idasa’s South African Governance programme.  Judith has worked extensively on issues of good governance, transparency and accountability within the South African context.  She is a regular commentator in the media on politics in SA and in 2009 served on an ad hoc panel to evaluate the effectiveness of South Africa’s Parliament. She is a regular columnist for Media24 and also an occasional columnist for the Daily Maverick and other publications.  She is the co-editor of “Testing democracy: which way is South Africa going?” March 2010, Idasa. She was awarded a summer fellowship in 2009 at the Freeman Spogli Institute for Democracy Development and the rule of law at Stanford University, California and in 2012 was awarded a Spring Reagan-Fascell Fellowship at the National Endowment for Democracy in Washington DC.

To see Judith February's extensive list of publications on our website please click here.

Comments are closed.